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Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a disease that affects the central vision and is named because it damages the macula, the central part of the retina (the film of the camera) that lets us see fine detail. Central vision is essential for driving, reading and recognizing faces. More commonly found in people over the age of 60, this condition can progress slowly over time, without pain or very noticeable changes.

Vision Institute can offer a variety of laser therapies and/or drug treatments, depending on the condition, and can help minimize your vision loss over time.

Types of Macular Degeneration

There are two types of macular degeneration. The most common is dry macular degeneration where a portion of the retina (the light-sensing cells within the eye) undergoes irreversible degeneration and death. Wet macular degeneration is much less common. Patients with wet macular degeneration can experience more vision loss with this type of the condition. As new blood vessels form underneath the retina, they can cause bleeding, swelling, scarring and permanent damage.

Macular Degeneration

Wet AMD with Macular Bleed

Macular Degeneration

Dry AMD with Atrophy

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Macular Degeneration

Video credit: National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health

Macular degeneration symptoms

  • Trouble seeing details or telling colors apart
  • Blurred vision, shadows or dark spots
  • Difficulty adjusting from a bright environment to a dark one
  • Images seem wrinkled or wavy

While there is no cure for either form of macular degeneration, there are some treatments that can help patients retain more of their central vision. Early detection can help minimize vision loss, and certain drugs and procedures can slow the disease’s progression.

For more information on macular degeneration, visit EyeSmart


Sterling Heights

44650 Delco Blvd, Sterling Heights, MI 48313

Phone: (844) 461-5693

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